Ancaman ISM ; information security threat yaitu org2, mekanisme, yg membahayakn Sd informasi perus.

Jenis2 ancaman : trojan horse, worm, virus, malware, adware, spyware.

Pengendalian : IDS, virus protection softwre, Inside threat prediction tools,

Manajemen kelangsungan bisnis : Contigency plan, BCM

Dukungan pemerintah dn industri ; both united states n kingdom, U.S goverment computer security standar, CIS Benchmarks dn CIS (center for internet security)  Scoring tools.